Author(s): V. Reeta


DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00026.1   

Address: Dr. V. Reeta
Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Chandigarh Group of Colleges, Jhanjheri, Mohali, Punjab.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 11,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2020

This paper reviews the interrelationship among peer groups, and juvenile delinquency. This paper attempts to explain the effect of peer on juvenile delinquency. The maximum amount of communication and structure of peer may be some of the reasons which provides, the more likely make the child will engage in delinquent activities. Patterns of peer behavior, different type of activities and peer structure have a significant effect on child behavior. This paper examines how peer pressure is present in adolescents and how it may influence or create the leverage to non-conformity to societal norms and laws. It is of great importance the influence of the peers on the social development in the period of middle childhood because it is the period of creating the first friendships. Major features of the peer pressure process are identified as group dynamics, delinquent peer subculture, peer approval of delinquent behaviour and sanctions for non-conformity which include ridicule, mockery, ostracism and even mayhem or assault in some cases.

Cite this article:
V. Reeta. Effect of Peer Influence on Juvenile Delinquency. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2020; 11(2):148-152. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00026.1

V. Reeta. Effect of Peer Influence on Juvenile Delinquency. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2020; 11(2):148-152. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2020.00026.1   Available on:

1.    Thornberry, T., Krohn, M., Lizotte, A. and Chard-Wierschem, D. (1993). The role of juvenile gangs in facilitating delinquent behavior. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 30(1), 8-55. doi: 10.1177/0022427893030001005
2.    Thornberry, T. P., Krohn, M. D., Lizotte, A. J., Smith, C. A. and Tobin, K. (2003). Gangs and delinquency in developmental perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.
3.    Lipsey MW, Derzon JH. 1998. Predictors of violent or serious delinquency in adolescence and early adulthood: A synthesis of longitudinal research. In Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions, edited by R. Loeber and D.P. Farrington. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, pp. 86–105.
4.    Agnew R.1991. “The Interactive Effects of peer Variables on Delinquency.”Criminology
5.    Ahmadi H.2005. Sociology of Deviances, Tehran: Universities' Humanities Books Compilation and Study Organization (SAMT). A Study of Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Male Juvenile Delinquency in Ahvaz City 288.
6.    Altschuler D, Brounstein P. 1991. Patterns of drug use, drug trafficking, and other delinquency among inner-city adolescent males in Washington, DC. Criminology 29(4):589-622.
7.    American Psychological Association.1993. “Violence and youth: psychology’s response”, summary report of the APA Commission on Violence and Youth: Washington, D.C.
8.    Elliott DS, Scott M.1996. “Delinquent Friends and Delinquent Behavior: Temporal and Development Patterns.” In Delinquency and Crime, Edited by J. David Hawkins, New York: Cambridge University Press.
9.    Elliott DS. 1993. Youth violence: An overview. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, Center for the Study of Youth Policy.
10.    Elliott DS.1994. Serious violent offenders: Onset, developmental course, and termination, The American Society of Criminology 1993 presidential address. Criminology 32(1)21
11.    Asher, S. R., and Rose, A. J. (1996). Promoting children's social-emotional adjustment with peers. In. P. Salovey and D. J. Sluyter (Ed.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Educational implications (196 – 224). New York: Basic Books.
12.    Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.
13.    Allen, J. P., Weissberg, R. P., and Hawkins, J. A. (1989). The Relation between Values and Social Competence in Early Adolescence. Developmental psychology, 25(3), 458–464.
14.    Crosswhite, J.M. and Kerpelman J.L. (2005). „Coercion Theory Self-Control and Social Information Processing‟, Understand Potential Mediators for How Parents Influence Deviant Behaviour. Deviant Behaviour 30(7) 611-696.
15.     Dambazzau, A. B. (2011). Criminology and Criminal Justice. Kaduna, Nigerian Defence Academy Press.
16.    Dittes, J.E. and Kelly, H.H. (1955). „Effects of Different Conditions of Acceptance upon Conformity to Group Norms’ Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology Vol 55: 100 – 107
17.    Duesenberry, J.S. (1949). Income, Saving and the Theory of Consumer Behaviour‟ Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard university Press
18.    Durkheim, E. (1966). “Suicide: A Study in Sociology Translated by J.A. Speulding and G. Simpson Trans New York The Press 1951.
19.    Esiri M. and Ejechi, E. (2013). ‘Area Boys Syndrome and the Upsurge of Juvenile Delinquency in Nigeria‟ In Ethnographer Vol. 11 No 3 March 2013 ISSN: 1199-5223. Published by the Niger Delta Research Assessment in Collaboration with the Centre for Niger Delta Studies Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island.
20.    Gravira A. and Raphael S. (2009). „School Based Effects and Juvenile Behaviour‟ In Review of Economics and Statistics 83:2 (2001)
21.    Henslin, J. (2008). Social Problems: A Down into Earth Approach 8th ed. Boston: Allen and Bacon.
22.    Horton, P.B. and Hunt, C. (1984). Sociology, Singerpore: McGrow-Hill Book Co.
23.    Holist, Lorine and Lorvie (2009). „Adolescent Maltreatment, Negative Emotion and Delinquency’ An Assessment of General Strain Theory and Family – Based Strain” Journal of Criminal Justice 38 (5): 379 - 87
24.    Igbinovia, P.E. (2003). The Criminal in all of Us: Whose Ox have we not Taken” An inaugural Lecture Delivered at the University of Benin, November 27th 2003 Benin: University of Benin Press.
25.    Iyoha, O. (1997). Sociological and Legal Elements of Deviance. Benin-City, Nigeria: Goboh Ventures
26.    Janis, I. L. (1982). Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
27.    Janis, I. L. (1972). Victims of Groupthink. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin.
28.    Kandel, E. and Edward, P. L. (1992). ‘Peer Pressure and Partnerships’ Journal of Political Economy Vol 100(4): 801-817
29.    Knoester, C. and Hayne, D. L. (2005). „Community Context, Social Integration into Family and Youth Violence’, Journal of Marriage and Family 67 (3): 767-780
30.    Krauth, B. (2004). Peer Affects and Selection Effects on Youth Smoking in California, Simon Fraser University.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Roshan John Joseph

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sanjay M. Nandagawali

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2016.00045.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sandipta Padhee

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Yoginder Singh Kataria, Hari G Krishna, Vikas Kumar Tyagi, Tarun Vashishat

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00011.1         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Poonam Juneja, Prajwalit Shikha

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00151.7         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sameer Sourav,

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Barkha Bahl, Sajal Mathur, Manisha

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00072.X         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rajesh Shukla

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (RJHSS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, correspondence in the fields of arts, commerce and social sciences....... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828 

Recent Articles