Author(s): Sukhjit Kaur


DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2021.00013   

Address: Dr. Sukhjit Kaur
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Guru Nanak College, Budhlada.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 12,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2021

The Punjabi Suba came into being after various sacrifices and struggles. The Indian Government appointed ‘Shah Commission’ to demarcate the boundaries of Punjab and Haryana. The reorganization bill was passed on the basis of recommendations of this committee only. Punjab was divided into two states; Punjabi Suba and Haryana under Punjab Reorganization Act, 1966. Certain areas of undivided Punjab were given to Himachal Pradesh. However, Haryana was raised as a rival to the state of Punjabi language (which was to be made for Punjab). Common links had been made for Punjab and Haryana. Haryana was the area of Hindi-speakers. It could have been easily amalgamated with neighboring Hindi states of Rajasthan and U.P. But, the state of Punjab, which was demanding the areas of Punjabi –speakers, was crippled and made lame as well. Such seeds were sown for its future of economic growth that would not let it move forward. Haryana welcomed the Act of reorganization. But, it was opposed by the Akalis. Sant Fateh Singh threatened to go on `fast unto death` and resort to self-immolation as a protest against it. As a result, the common forums were removed for Haryana and Punjab and Sant Fateh Singh and the Akali Dal welcomed this decision. There was a considerable impact on the political, economic and social conditions of Punjab after the formation of Punjabi Suba. Punjab became a Sikh-majority area. If at all the Punjabi language had been implemented then its entire credit goes to the speakers of Punjabi for the first time.

Cite this article:
Sukhjit Kaur. A Minority became a Majority in the Punjab. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2021; 12(2):86-2. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2021.00013

Sukhjit Kaur. A Minority became a Majority in the Punjab. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2021; 12(2):86-2. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2021.00013   Available on:

1.    Dalip Singh, Dynamics of Punjab Politics, Macmillan, New Delhi, 1981, p.21.
2.    Report of the Parliamentary Committee on the demand for Punjabi Suba, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, 1966, Appendix 11, p.56.
3.    The Spokesman‟, January 1996, p.2.
4.    Principal Sarwan Singh Aujla, 'Anehre Raah aty Panth', Uddan Publication, 2009, pp.166, 167.
5.    Jamshid Ali Khan, 'Punjab Di Rajniti' Lokgeet Parkashan, Chandighar ,2005, p. 20.
6.    'The Spokesman' November 1994, p. 23.
7.    Report of Punjab Boundary Commission, Para 125, manager G of I Press, New Delhi, 1966.
8.    Ibid, pp.49,53.
9.    Dhanna Singh Gulshan, 'Ajj da Punjab te Sikh Rajniti, (1947-77), Dhaliwal Publishing House, Bathinda p. 163. Members of the Commission- Justice J.C, Shaw, Chairman, members- S. Dutt, Mr. M.M. Philip.
10.    Government of India, The Punjab Reorganization Act, 1966 , of India Press, Delhi, 1967,     pp. 1,2. Master Akali Dal presented the grievances of the Sikhs as a resolution in which the inflexible determination of the Sikhs had been mentioned, and the announcement made that "They are determined to face all the legalities, which are being employed to reduce status of the Sikhs in Independent India." New Punjab should be given the same status of constitutional Autonomy as has been given to the state of Jammu and Kashmir, as had been visualized in the Act of Constitution of India in 1947 A.D. Sangat Singh, 'Itihas wich Sikh', Singh Brothers, Amritsar, 1999 p. 365.
11.    The Tribune, 10 September, 1966.
12.    Sardar Kapur Singh, MP, (In his speech in the Lok Sabha on 6 September 1966, Termed     as "Betrayal of the Sikhs", some documents on the demand for a Sikh Homeland, published by the Sikh Students Federation, pp. 25, 26.
13.    Gurudwara Act, June 1966, p. 84.
14.    Akali Patrika, Qaumi Dard Samachar, 31 May, 1966, By inserting sections 78 to 80 in the Punjab Reorganization Act, 1966, Irrigation, Hydel power and their development were     handed over to the Centre, whereas, these were rightfully the subjects of the states as per     the Constitution. 80 % water of Punjab was given to other states, absolutely free of cost.
15.    Ajit Singh Sarhadi,'Punjabi Sube di Gaatha', op. cit., p.470.
16.    Jangpal Singh, Addhi Sadi da Itihas', (Siaasat da Sarwekhan), pp.101, 102.
17.    Khushwant Singh, 'Sikh Itihas', part 2, op. cit., p.302.
18.    Dhana Singh Gulshan, 'Ajj da Punjab te Sikh Rajniti', op. cit., pp.167-168.
19.    The Tribune, 10 September 1966.
20.    Sangat Singh, ' Itihas wich Sikh', op. cit. p.367.
21.    The Punjab government decided to make two parts of Electricity Board and Cancel all the common, Ibid, p.367.  The Tribune, 10 September 1966.
22.    The Hindu, 22 September 1966, The Tribune, 25 September 1966.
23.    The Tribune, 16 August 1969, Pt Mohan Lal, 'Punjab di Wandd', op. cit., p. 273.
24.    The Akalis won 44 seats in the elections of 1969 and they had the support of five Communists and Marxists. Once again, by instilling confidence in the Hindu-minority, the Akalis Formed a coalition government under the leadership of Gurnam Singh, by joining with nine members of the Jan Sangh group, Sangt singh, Itihas vich sikh, op. cit., p.373, The Spokesman‟ January 1966, p. 20.
25.    The Times of India, 25 November 1969.
26.    The Tribune, 1 February 1970.
27.    'Sharomani Akali Dal- Ik Itihas', Part-1, p.276.
28.    Jamshid Ali Khan, Punjab di Rajniti, op. cit., pp.21-22.
29.    The Spokesman‟ September 1994, p.31, Spokesman, pp.3,4.

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