Author(s): Poonam Kumari, Rani Singh

Email(s): Email ID Not Available

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00040   

Address: Poonam Kumari, Prof. Rani Singh
1Research Scholar, Education.
2Department of Siddhant Darshan, Ayurveda, I.M.S.BHU, Varanasi.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 13,      Issue - 4,     Year - 2022

The purpose of this study was to analyze the difference in the psychological well-being of male and female undergraduate students. In this study, 200 students from two universities in the Banaras district, (Banaras Hindu University and Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth University), and 100 male and 100 female students were included as a sample study. Dr Corl Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale was used for data collection. T-test was used to find the difference in psychological well-being between male and female students. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant difference between males and females in 5 dimensions-The name of five dimensions- Environmental Mastery, Autonomy, personal growth, positive relation with others, purpose in life, and psychological well-being dimension of self-acceptance has not been found a significant difference.

Cite this article:
Poonam Kumari, Rani Singh. A Study of Psychological Well-being among Male and Female Students. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022; 13(4):257-0. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00040

Poonam Kumari, Rani Singh. A Study of Psychological Well-being among Male and Female Students. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2022; 13(4):257-0. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00040   Available on:

1.    Ahrens, C.J.C.; Ryff, C.D. Multiple roles and well-being: Sociodemographic and psychological moderators. An introduction. Soc. Indic. Res. 2006,77, 1–10. [CrossRef]
2.    An invariant dimensional liability model of gender differences in mental disorder prevalence: Evidence Bechetti, L.; Bachelet, M.; Pisani, F. Poor eudaimonic subjective wellbeing as a mortality risk factor. Econ. Politica 2019,36, 245–272. [CrossRef]
3.    Blanco C, Okuda M, Wright C, Hasin DS, Grant BF, Liu SM, Olfson M. Mental health of college students and their non-college-attending peers: results from the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Dec;65(12):1429-37. DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.65.12.1429. PMID: 19047530; PMCID: PMC2734947.
4.    Cohen, R.; Bavishi, C.; Rozanski, A. Purpose in life and its relationship to all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events: A meta-analysis. Psychosom. Med. 2016,78, 122–133. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
5.    de Girolamo, G.; Haro, J.M.; Jin, R.; et al. Cross-national associations between gender and mental disorders
6.    Deci, E. L., and Ryan, R. M. (2008). Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 49(3), 182–185.
7.    Diana Sarokhani, Ali Delpisheh, Yousef Veisani, Mohamad Taher Sarokhani, Rohollah Esmaeli Manesh, Kourosh Sayehmiri, "Prevalence of Depression among University Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study", Depression Research and Treatment, vol. 2013, Article ID 373857, 7 pages, 2013.
8.    Eaton, N.R.; Keyes, K.M.; Krueger, R.F.; Balsis, S.; Skofol, A.E.; Markon, K.E.; Grant, B.F.; Hasin, D.S.from a national sample. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 2012,121, 282–288. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
9.    Gómez-Baya, D.; Lucia-Casademunt, A.M.; Salinas-Pérez, J.A. Gender differences in psychological well-beingand health problems among European health professionals: Analysis of psychological basic needs and jobsatisfaction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018,15, 1474
10.    Hyde, J.S. Gender similarities and differences. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2014,65, 373–398. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
11.    Hyde, J.S. Gender similarities. In APA Handbook of the Psychology of Women: History, Theory, and Battlegrounds; Cook, S.L., Rutherford, A., Travis, C.B., White, J.W., Williams, J.W., Wyche, K.F., Eds.; American Psychological Association: Washington, DC, USA, 2018; pp. 129–143.
12.    Ibrahim AK, Kelly SJ, Adams CE, Glazebrook C. A systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. J Psychiatr Res. 2013 Mar; 47(3):391-400. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.11.015. Epub 2012 Dec 20. PMID: 23260171in the WHO World mental health surveys. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 2009,66, 785–795. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
13.    Keyes, C.L.M. Subjective well-being in mental health and human development research worldwide:
14.    King, M.F.; RenLi, R.; Kao, C.; Wu, Y. Gender differences in psychological well-being: Tests of factorial invariance.
15.    Lin, C.; Cheng, T.; Wan, S. Measuring subjective well-being in Taiwan. Soc. Indic. Res.
16.    Linley, P.A. Human strengths and well-being: Finding the best within us at the intersection of eudaimonic philosophy, humanistic psychology, and positive psychology. In The Best within Us: Positive Psychology Perspectives on Eudaimonia; Waterman, A.S., Ed.; American Psychological Association: Washington, DC, USA,2013; pp. 269–28
17.    Maji, S. Society and ‘good woman’: A critical review of gender difference in depression. Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry Manandhar, M.; Hawkes, S.; Buse, K.; Nosratid, E.; Magar, V. Gender, health and the 2030 agenda forMargot J Schofield, Paul O'halloran, Siân A Mclean, Christine Forrester‐knauss and Susan J Paxton (2016) Depressive Symptoms Among Australian University Students: Who Is at Risk?, Australian Psychologist, 51:2, 135-144, DOI: 10.1111/ap.12129 men than for women. Soc. Indic. Res. 2014,115, 23–44.
18.    Mosley TH Jr, Perrin SG, Neral SM, Dubbert PM, Grothues CA, Pinto BM. Stress, coping, and well-being among third-year medical students. Acad Med. 1994 Sep;69(9):765-7. doi: 10.1097/00001888-199409000-00024. PMID: 8074778.
19.    Olsson DP, Kennedy MG. Mental health literacy among young people in a small US town: recognition of disorders and hypothetical helping responses. Early Interv Psychiatry. 2010 Nov;4(4):291-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7893.2010.00196.x. Epub 2010 Aug 12. PMID: 20977685.
20.    Pittman, L. D., & Richmond, A. (2008). University Belonging, Friendship Quality, and Psychological Adjustment during the Transition to College. The Journal of Experimental Education, 76(4), 343–361. Life Res. 2015,24, 2577–2581. [CrossRef]
21.    Ryff, C.D. Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Schütte, S.; Chastang, J.; Parent-Thirion, A.; Vermeylen, G.; Niedhammer, I. Social inequalities in psychologicalSeedat, S.; Scott, K.M.; Angermeyer, M.C.; Berglund, P.; Bromet, E.J.; Brugha, T.S.; Demyttenaere, K.; Sex Roles 2006,55, 801–815. [CrossRef]
22.    Stanley, N., and Manthorpe, J. (2001). Responding to students’ mental health needs: Impermeable systems and diverse users. Journal of Mental Health, 10, 41-52.
24.    sustainable development. Bull. World Health Organ. 2018,96, 644–653.
25.    V.F.; Novo, E.M. The concept, dimensions and methods of assessment of human well-being
26.    Van der Meer, P.H. Gender, unemployment and subjective well-being: Why being unemployed is worse for well-being: A European comparison. Community Ment. Health J. 2014,50, 987–990. [CrossRef]
27.    within a socioecological context: A literature review. Soc. Indic. Res. 2014,116, 681–698
28.    World Health Organization. World Health Statistics 2018: Monitoring Health for the SDGs, Sustainable Development Goals; World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland, 2018.
29.    Yang, J., Benyamin, B., McEvoy, B. et al. Common SNPs explain a large proportion of the heritability for human height. Nat Genet 42, 565–569 (2010).

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Hilal Ahmad Wani

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Mir Shahid Satar, Jawaid Ahmad Ittoo

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00098.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): S. Shubhang

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Prachi Agrawal

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Dincy Adlakha, M. S Ananya, Rinju George

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00108.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Garima Srivastava

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Poonam Kumari, Rani Singh

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2022.00040         Access: Closed Access Read More

Author(s): Mallikarjun T Kamble, Kariguleshwar

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2023.00032         Access: Closed Access Read More

Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (RJHSS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, correspondence in the fields of arts, commerce and social sciences....... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828 

Recent Articles