Author(s): Rama Rao Bonagani

Email(s): ramaraophd@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2024.00012   

Address: Rama Rao Bonagani
Department of Public Administration and Policy Studies, Room Number 204, Kauvery Block, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Kerala, Tejaswini Hills Campus, Periye (Post), Kasaragod (District), Kerala (State), Pincode: 671320, India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
The concept of Human Development (HD) is a process of enlarging people's choices. In principle, these choice can be infinite and change over time. But at all levels of development, the three essential ones as per United Nations Organization (UNO)’s United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are for people to lead a long and healthy life, to acquire knowledge and to have access to resources needed for a decent standard of living. If these essential choices are not available, many other opportunities remain inaccessible. But HD does not end there. However, the UNDP’s yearly global Human Development Reports (HDRs) public policies had been focusing on these themes since the first global HDR in 1990 to the global HDR report of 2021-2022. Moreover, in every year, the main focused themes had been different. The research study analysis found that the UNDP’s 1990s global HD reports public policies had been intellectually contributed immensely for the better development of its people during the globalization.


Cite this article:
Rama Rao Bonagani. The UNDP’s Global Human Development reports Public Policies of the 1990s for the Development of its people in the world. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2024;15(1)78-6. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2024.00012

Cite(Electronic):
Rama Rao Bonagani. The UNDP’s Global Human Development reports Public Policies of the 1990s for the Development of its people in the world. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2024;15(1)78-6. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2024.00012   Available on: https://www.rjhssonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-15-1-12


REFERENCES AND NOTES:
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2.    Ibid
3.    Lawrence S. Graham, “Development Policy” in Domonic A. Bearfield and Melvin J. Dubnick (2016) (edited), Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, Third edition, Volume 2, Boca Raton, CRC Press: Taylor and Francis Group, p.915
4.    Ibid
5.    Ibid
6.    Ibid,p.917
7.    Jack Lule,“Globalization and Media” in Domonic A. Bearfield and Melvin J. Dubnick(2016)(edited), Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, Third edition, Volume 3, Boca Raton, CRC Press: Taylor and Francis Group, p.1566
8.    Ibid
9.    Ibid
10.    Ibid,no.1, p.338
11.    Ibid
12.    Ibid
13.    Ibid
14.    Ibid
15.    Christian Welzel, “Human Development” in Bertrand Badie, Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Leonardo Morlino(2011)(edited), International Encyclopedia of Political Science, volume 4, Los Angeles, Sage Publications, Inc,p.1101.
16.    Ibid,p.1103.
17.    Ibid, no.15
18.    Ibid
19.    https://www.undp.org/turkiye/undp-and-un
20.    https://hdr.undp.org/en/humandev, accessed on May 7, 2022
21.    UNDP(1990),‘Human Development Report 1990’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/219/hdr_1990_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.10.
22.    Ibid
23.    Ibid
24.    Ibid, P.17
25.    Ibid
26.    Ibid, no.20, P.41.
27.    https://www.learncbse.in/geography-class-12-important-questions-chapter-13/, accessed on May 7, 2022
28.    UNDP(2015), ‘Human Development Report 2015: Work for Human Development’, New York, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report_0.pdf
29.    Ibid,no.20, P. iii.
30.    Ibid, p. iv
31.    Ibid, p.Viii
32.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr1990, accessed on 3rd August, 2021.
33.    Ibid
34.    Ibid, no.20, p.1
35.    Ibid, p.112
36.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr1991, accessed on 5th August,2021
37.    UNDP(1991), ‘Human Development Report 1991’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/220/hdr_1991_en_complete_nostats.pdf,p.Viii
38.    Ibid,p.11
39.    Ibid,p.52
40.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr1992, accessed on 5th August, 2021
41.    UNDP(1992), ‘Human Development Report 1992’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/221/hdr_1992_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.vii
42.    Ibid, p.11
43.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr1993, accessed on 6th August, 2021.
44.    UNDP(1993), ‘Human Development Report 1993’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/222/hdr_1993_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.21
45.    Ibid, p.29
46.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-1994,accessed on 6th August, 2021
47.    UNDP(1994), ‘Human Development Report 1994’ New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/255/hdr_1994_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.23
48.    Ibid, p.22
49.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-1995,accessed on 13th August,2021
50.    UNDP (1995), ‘Human Development Report 1995’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/256/hdr_1995_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.viii,
51.    Ibid, p.10
52.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-1996,accessed on 13th August, 2021
53.    UNDP(1996), ‘Human Development Report 1996’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/257/hdr_1996_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.vii
54.    Ibid,p.1
55.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-1997,accessed on 13th August, 2021
56.    UNDP(1997), ‘Human Development Report 1997’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/258/hdr_1997_en_complete_nostats.pdf ,p.viii
57.    Ibid,p.116
58.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-1998, accessed on 13th August, 2021
59.    UNDP(1998), ‘Human Development Report 1998’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/259/hdr_1998_en_complete_nostats.pdf, p.viii
60.    Ibid,p.13
61.    Ibid,p.38
62.    http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-report-1999,accessed on 13th August,2021
63.    UNDP(1999), ‘Human Development Report 1999’, New York, Oxford University Press, Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/reports/260/hdr_1999_en_nostats.pdf,p.x.
64.    Ibid,p.2.
65.    Ibid,p.13.

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