Author(s): Angurbala Mishra, Subhasmita Biswal

Email(s): angurbala.mishra@gmail.com , subhasmitabiswal@soa.ac.in

DOI: 10.52711/2321-5828.2024.00003   

Address: Angurbala Mishra, Subhasmita Biswal
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 15,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
A broad concept which clutches substantially every aspect of human resource management is called Employee Engagement. If all aspects of human resources are not tackled properly, then workers are unable to commit themselves to their job. Employee Engagement is connected with previous conceptions including job enrichment, employee responsibility, and organizational citizenship behavior. However, employee engagement is discovered from these concepts, but it is broader in scope. Employee Engagement is a robust indicator/anticipator of complimentary organizational performance which undoubtedly indicating a bipartite relationship between employer and employee. Committed workers are psychologically devoted towards the organization and strongly engaged in their job with great commitment. This study aims to review how employee engagement enhances performances.


Cite this article:
Angurbala Mishra, Subhasmita Biswal. Employee Engagement: A Key to improve Performance. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2024;15(1)12-8. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2024.00003

Cite(Electronic):
Angurbala Mishra, Subhasmita Biswal. Employee Engagement: A Key to improve Performance. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2024;15(1)12-8. doi: 10.52711/2321-5828.2024.00003   Available on: https://www.rjhssonline.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-15-1-3


REFERENCES:
1.    Saks, A. M. Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement. Journal of Managerial Psychology.  2006; 21(7): 600- 619. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683940610690169
2.    Shuck, M.B. and Wollard, K.K. A historical perspective of employee engagement: an emerging definition, in Plakhotnik, M.S., Nielsen, S.M. and Pane, D.M. (Eds), Proceedings of the Eighth Annual College of Education & GSN Research Conference, Florida International University, Miami. 2009; 133-139.
3.    Rafferty A. M., Maben J., West E., and Robinson D. What makes a good employer? Issue Paper 3. International Council of Nurses Geneva. 2005.
4.    Melcrum publishing. Employee engagement: How to build a high-performance workforce. An independent Melcrum Research Report Executive Summary. 2005.
5.    Ellis C. M., and Sorensen A. Assessing Employee Engagement: The Key to Improving Productivity. Perspectives. 2007; 15(1). The Segal Group, Inc.
6.    Robinson, D., Perryman, S. and Hayday, S. The Drivers of Employee Engagement. Brighton (UK): Institute for Employment Studies. 2004.
7.    Halid Hasan, Farika Nikmah, Siti Nurbaya, Nilawati Fiernaningsih & Ellyn Eka Wahyu. A Review of Employee Engagement: Empirical Studies. Management Science Letters. 2021; 11: 1969-1978.  10.5267/j.msl.2021.3.013
8.    Nasimiyu Ruth Mulievi and Eglay Tsuma. Relationship Between Leadership & Employee Engagement in Organizations Today, A Focus on Vihiga Country Government - A Scoping Review. International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research. 2021; 9(1): 132-141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14741/ijmcr/v.9.2.5
9.    Siswanto, Zahrotul Mauliditah, Masyhuri.  Employee Engagement and Motivation as Mediators Between the Linkage of Reward with Employee Performance. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business. 2021; 8(2): 625-633.  https://www.koreascience.kr/article/JAKO2021041422...
10.    Emmanuel Akanpaadgi and Felicia Binpimbu. Employee Engagement and Organizational Performance. Business Management and Economics Research. 2021; 7(3): 93-100.
11.    Samma Faiz Rasool, Mansi Wang, Minze Tang, Amir Saeed and Javed Iqbal. How Toxic Workplace Environment Effects the Employee Engagement: The Mediating Role of Organizational Support and Employee Wellbeing. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18: 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052294
12.    M. Nazmul Islam, Fumitak Furuoka and Aida Idris. Employee Engagement and Organizational Change Initiatives: Does Transformational Leadership, Valence and Trust Make a Difference? Wiley. 2021; 40: 50-62.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joe.22078
13.    Nor Fauziana Ibrahim, AI-Mansor Abu Said, Nabil Abas and Javed Shahreki. Relationship Between Well-being Perspectives, Employee Engagement, and Intrinsic Outcomes: A Literature Review. Journal of Critical Reviewers. 2020; 7(12): 69-74. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.12.11
14.    Roel D. Juevesa and John Michael P. Casino. Employee Engagement and Organizational Performance among Multigenerational Workforce in a Private Non-Sectarian School. International Journal of Science and Management Studies. 2020; 3(4): 41-56.
15.    Bhawana Bhardwaj and Namrita Kalia. Contextual and Task Performance: Role of Employee Engagement and Organizational Culture in Hospitality Industry. Vilakshan - XIMB Journal of Management. 2020; 18(2): 187-201. https://doi.org/10.1108/XJM-08-2020-0089
16.    Uju V. Alola and Rawan Alafeshat The Impact of Human Resource Practices on Employee Engagement in the Airline Industry. Journal of Public Affairs. 2020; 21(1).  https://doi.org/10.1002/pa.2135
17.    B. Akila, L. M. Suhasini, S. Vasantha, P.G. Thirumagal. Mediating effect of Facilitating Condition Between Employee Engagement and Employee Productivity - e-HRM. Journal of Critical Reviews. 2020; 7(14): 693-697.
18.    Ahmad, S. Human Resource Planning: Effective Performance. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2019; 10(4): 1120-1124. 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00184.0.
19.    N. Malati, Priyanka Singh. Perceptual Study of Employee Engagement Practices in it Sector. Res. J. Humanities and Social Sciences. 2019; 10(2):319-324. doi: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00057.3.
20.    Rupa Shrestha. Employee Engagement and Organizational Performance of Public Enterprises in Nepal. The International Research Journal of Management Science. 2019; 4(1): 118-138.  https://doi.org/10.3126/irjms.v4i0.27889
21.    Jain, Sonam, & Sharma, Vivek. What Determines Workplace Happiness?. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2019; 10(2): 495-502. DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00082.2.
22.    Sharma, Monika. A study on quality of work life in it sector: Its impact on employee productivity. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2019; 10(2): 471-478. 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00078.0
23.    Adel Ali Yassin. The Influence of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Work Engagement. Foundations of Management. 2018; 10: 251-256.    DOI:10.2478/fman-2018-0019
24.    Pradhan, Baisnavi, and Baboo, Smitha. Organizational Cynicism, Work-life Conflict and Psychological Well-being of First time Mothers in IT and ITES Sectors. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2018; 9(3): 546-550. DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2018.00092.X
25.    Roger Muller, Elroy Smith, and Riyaadh Lillah. The Impact of Employee Engagement on Organizational Performance: A Balanced Scorecard Approach. International Journal of Economics and Finance Studies. 2018; 10(2): 22-38.
26.    Ahmed, Owais (2017). Employee engagement and relationship quality leading performance. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 8(4), 387-391.  DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2017.00056.0.
27.    Prasad, Mamata, Roy, Debarshi, and Sengupta, Palas R. An Empirical Study of the Workplace Happiness of Doctors in North Bengal. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2016; 7(2): 75-81. 10.5958/2321-5828.2016.00013.9
28.    Hangarki, S. B. Quality of Worklife among Employees in Banking Sector: A Study Undertaken at Nationalized Banks, Hyderabad Karnataka Region. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2014; 5(2): 194-197.
29.    Neral, A. Welfare measures under the factories act: A Critical Appraisal. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2013; 4(1): 44-52.
30.    Grachev, M. and Rakitsky, B. Historic horizons of Frederick Taylor’s scientific management. Journal of Management History. 2013; 19(4): 51-527.
31.    Geetha Jose and Sebastian Rupert Mampilly. Satisfaction with HR Practices and Employee Engagement: A Social Exchange Perspective. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies. 2012; 4(7): 423-430.
32.    Singh, A., and Shukla, T. Employee engagement in an Indian tin manufacturing organization: an investigation. Asian Journal of Management Sciences & Education. 2012; 1(3): 80-93.
33.    Vaijayanthi, P. P., Shreenivasan, K. A. and Prabhakaran, S. Employee Engagement Predictors: A Study at GE Power and Water. International Journal of Global Business. 2011; 4(2): 60-72.
34.    Shuck, B., and Reio Jr, T. G. The employee engagement landscape and HRD: How do we link theory and scholarship to current practice?. Advances in Developing Human Resources. 2011; 13(4): 419-428.      https://doi.org/10.1177/1523422311431153
35.    Shashi, T. Employee Engagement - The Key to Organizational Success. ICOQM. 2011: 28-30.
36.    36. Sundaray, B.K. Employee Engagement: A Driver of Organizational Effectiveness. European Journal of Business and Management. 2011; 3(8): 53-59.
37.    Wellins, R. and Concelman, J. (2011). Thought Leadership, www.ddiworld.com/pdf/ wps_engagement_ar.pdf accessed on June 8, 2018.
38.    Macey W.H and Schneider B. The Meaning of Employee Engagement. Industrial and Organizational Psychology. 2008; 1: 3-30.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2007.0002.X                           
39.    Mercer HR Consulting (2007). Exploring the Global Drivers of Employee Engagement. Research Article [online]. Available at: [Accessed: 24 April, 2015].
40.    Towers-Perrin (2003). “Working Today: Understanding What Drives Employee Engagement. Global Workforce Study. Stamford, CT: Author.
41.    Hewitt Associates (2004). Employee Engagement Higher at Double-Digit Growth Companies. Research Brief. Hewitt Associates LLC.
42.    Aremu, A. O., and Adeyoju, C. A. Job commitment, job satisfaction and gender as predictors of mentoring the Nigeria Police. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management. 2003; 26: 377-385. https://doi.org/10.1108/13639510310489449
43.    Schaufeli, W. B., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Roma, V. and Bakker, A. B. The Measurement of Engagement and Burnout: A Two-Sample Confirmatory Factor Analytic Approach. Journal of Happiness Studies. 2002; 3(1): 71-92. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015630930326
44.    Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L. and Hayes, T. L. Business-Unit-Level Relationship between Employee Satisfaction, Employee Engagement, and Business Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2002; 87(2): 268-279.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.87.2.268
45.    Rothbard, N.P. Enriching or Depleting? The Dynamics of Engagement in Work and Family Roles. Administrative Science Quarterly. 2001; 46(4): 655-84.   http://doi.org/10.2307/3094827                                             
46.    Kahn, W.A. Psychological Conditions of Personal Engagement and Disengagement at Work, Academy of Management Journal. 1990; 33: 692–724. https://doi.org/10.5465/256287
47.    Penna (2007). Meaning at Work Research Report. [Online] Available: http:// www. e-penna.com/ news opinion /research.aspx (November10, 2008).
48.    Development Dimensions International. (2005). (Predicting Employee Engagement MRKSRR12-1005 Development Dimensions International, Inc., MMV. [Online] Available:www.ddiworld.com (October 30,2008).
49.    Clifton, James K. (2008). Engaging your employees: Six keys to understanding the new workplace. 2002 SHRM Foundation Thought Leaders Remarks. Society for Human Resource Management.
50.    Vance, R. J. (2006). Employee engagement and commitment. SHRM foundation, 1, 1-53.
51.    Buckingham and Coffman (1999). First Break All the Rules. United States, U.S.: Simon and Schuster.
52.    Coffman C. (2000). Is Your Company Bleeding Talent? How to become a true “employer of choice”. The Gallup Management Journal. The Gallup Organization, Princeton, NJ.
53.    Heintzman R., and Marson B. People, service, and trust: Links in a public sector service value chain. International Review of Administrative Studies. 2005; 7(4): 549-575. http://doi.org/10.1177/0020852305059599
54.    Coffman, C., and Gonzalez-Molina, G. (2002). Follow this Path: How the world’s greatest organizations drive growth by unleashing human potential. New York Warner Books, Inc.  
55.    Baumruk R., and Gorman B. (2006). Why managers are crucial to increasing engagement. Melcrum Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1108/1475439068000    0863
56.    Blessing White. (2006). Employee Engagement Report 2006 BlessingWhite, Inc. Princeton, New Jersey. [Online] Available: www.blessingwhite.com (November 15, 2008).
57.    Accord Management Systems. (2004). Employee Engagement Strategy: A Strategy of Analysis to Move from Employee Satisfaction to Engagement. [Online] Available: www.accordsyst.com/papers/engagement_wp.pdf (March 3, 2009).

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Mohd Zia-Ul-Haq Rafaqi

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Kaveri Tandon, Moirangmayum Sanjeev Singh

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2016.00034.6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Alok Pandey,Chandra Shekhar Dwivedi

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2016.00022.X         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Sunita Jain

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2015.00027.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): N. Malati, Priyanka Singh

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00057.3         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Shoeb Ahmad

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00184.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): P. Sivakumar

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00015.9         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Ajay Kumar

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2015.00038.8         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Neeru Gupta, Shivani Goel, Swati Choyal

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828.2019.00153.0         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (RJHSS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, correspondence in the fields of arts, commerce and social sciences....... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2321-5828 


Recent Articles




Tags